The Most Common Types of Sports Injuries You May Experience
Sports injuries are par for the course for those who love to dabble in the field – whether it be something as full-on as football and track or even relaxing sports such as golf. But, that doesn’t stop those of us who have a love and passion for them from putting ourselves in such potential situations every single day. Putting our bodies through repetitive strenuous activity can put a lot of pressure on our muscles and joints. This may lead to sprains, tears, soreness, etc.
Here are 9 of the most common types of sports injuries you may experience:
1. Plantar Fasciitis
This is an injury that occurs in the plantar fascia, the connective tissue located where the sole of the foot and the bottom of your heel meet. This area becomes inflamed and typically makes itself present through the shooting pains that strike through the bottom of your foot when you take your first steps after a period of rest.
2. Torn Rotator Cuff
If you are experiencing shooting pains that feel achy, numb, or tingly in your shoulder, especially when you lift your arms above your head, you may have a torn rotator cuff. This is an injury that occurs when there is a tear in your rotator cuff, and it affects the tendons in one of the 4 rotator cuff muscles present in your body.
3. Runner’s Knee
An injury that typically occurs in runners, cyclists, tennis players, soccer, football, basketball, and volleyball players is called the runner’s knee. Considering that more than 50% of patients that orthopedic surgeons come across involve busted knees, this is one to look out for. Runner’s knee is a condition that occurs when a tear or other injury damages and deteriorates the tendon right below the kneecap over time.
Resulting from severe head trauma that actually causes the brain to rattle around in the skull, a concussion is most likely to be a result of contact sports such as football or hockey. The brain moving around fires off brain cells and stimulates a seizure, resulting in various symptoms like disorientation, vision impairment, headaches, dizziness, nausea, and memory loss.
While most athletes in contact sports have experienced it at least one or two times over their lifetime, repeated concussions could be dangerous as they could lead to permanent brain damage.
5. Hamstring Injuries
The hamstring is a long cord-like muscle that runs down the back of your leg. Since it is a typically tight and rigid muscle, it is prone to strains, pulls, tears, and muscle ruptures. Hamstring injuries are most commonly seen in runners or athletes who perform high impact moves that put pressure on that particular muscle.
6. Achilles Tendinitis
Another injury that is more commonly seen in athletes who rely a lot on their legs, in activities like running and jumping, is Achilles tendonitis. This is an injury that occurs when the tendon at the back of the ankle has pressure put on it constantly and becomes painfully inflamed. The resulting effect can be so agonizing that running or even supporting yourself with the affected leg becomes nearly impossible.
7. Strained Groin
When the fan-like muscles located in an area of your upper thigh that draw your legs together, known as the adductors, are pulled too far, this can leave the area bruised and swollen, resulting in a groin injury. Due to the location of the injury, its most likely to result in sports that involve sudden, quick stops and movements in different directs, such as basketball, cricket, hockey, and tennis.
8. ACL Injuries
Another area that can be injured in sports with sudden and quick stops and movements is the ACL or Anterior Cruciate Ligament, one of the 4 ligaments set deep within the knee. Quick twisting and directional changes can cause a partial or complete tear to occur in the ACL, especially when the feet aren’t properly positioned to absorb the shock of the landing.
9. Tennis or Golf Elbow
The aptly named tennis or golfer’s elbows most commonly occurs in such sports where there is an overuse of the elbow. Occurring over a longer period of time due to repetitive movements like golf swings or tennis backhand strokes, the epicondyle tendon of the elbow gets slowly degenerated. This results in an inflammatory pain on either side of the elbow (the outside for tennis players and the inside for golfers).